Analysis of steady compaction waves in porous materials

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A two-phase continuum mixture model is used to analyze steady compaction waves in porous materials. It is shown that such a model admits both subsonic and supersonic steady compaction waves in response to a piston-driven boundary condition when a Tait equation is used to describe a solid matrix material and a generic static compaction relation is used to describe collapse of the matrix. Parameters for the Tait equation are chosen to match shock and compaction wave data. The model is able to predict compaction wave speed, final pressure, and final volume fraction in porous HMX. The structure of the compaction wave is also studied. A shock preceding the compaction wave structure is predicted for compaction waves travelling faster than the ambient sound speed of the solid. For subsonic compaction waves no leading shock is predicted. The compaction zone length is studied as a function of initial volume fraction, piston velocity, and compaction viscosity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-24
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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