Analysis of multi-stable architectures for morphing structures

Anil Erol, Jeffery Baur

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The field of multi-stable structures has been steadily growing due to a wide range of potential applications including energy harvesting, MEMS, and mechanical logic. This work focuses on utilizing elastic energy trapping and snap-through phenomena of bistable unit cells to design a latticed, hierarchical multi-stable cylinder that can articulate up to 30 degrees from its center axis. The employment of bistable elements is hypothesized to reduce the total strain energy required to articulate the cylinder, and yield faster responses with the snap-through. While multi-stable cylinders exist in previous studies, there have been no previous attempts at studying different modes of deformation beyond compressive loading. Thus, the current work presents a new problem regarding the effects of bistable elements in a latticed cylinder that is carrying tensile, compressive, and shear loadings and exhibiting large displacements as the cylinder is articulated.. The total strain energy density of the articulating cylinder is investigated as a function of the heights of the unit cells, which aids in determining an ideal height for the design that minimizes the strain energy density. Results show that the strain energy of an articulating cylinder can be minimized with the use of multi-stability, and that a multi-stable cylinder can require up to three times less loads to maintain desired articulation compared to a mono-stable structure. These results will lead to future works on further optimizing the articulating cylinder by varying additional parameters like the individual heights of rows, the thicknesses of unit cell beams, the strain energy density, and the initial loading threshold for articulation. In addition, the work in this study can yield methodologies for designing arbitrarily morphing skins beyond just cylindrical geometries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASME 2020 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2020
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791884027
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes
EventASME 2020 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2020 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Sep 15 2020 → …

Publication series

NameASME 2020 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2020

Conference

ConferenceASME 2020 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, SMASIS 2020
CityVirtual, Online
Period9/15/20 → …

Keywords

  • Articulation
  • Bistable
  • Buckling
  • Morphing
  • Multistable
  • Nonlinear mechanics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Biomaterials

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