Analysis of a circulant based preconditioner for a class of lower rank extracted systems

S. Salapaka, A. Peirce, M. Dahleh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper proposes and studies the performance of a preconditioner suitable for solving a class of symmetric positive definite systems, A px = b, which we call lower rank extracted systems (LRES), by the preconditioned conjugate gradient method. These systems correspond to integral equations with convolution kernels defined on a union of many line segments in contrast to only one line segment in the case of Toeplitz systems. The p × p matrix, Ap, is shown to be a principal submatrix of a larger N × N Toeplitz matrix, AN. The preconditioner is provided in terms of the inverse of a 2N × 2N circulant matrix constructed from the elements of AN- The preconditioner is shown to yield clustering in the spectrum of the preconditioned matrix similar to the clustering results for iterative algorithms used to solve Toeplitz systems. The analysis also demonstrates that the computational expense to solve LRE systems is reduced to O(N log N).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-32
Number of pages24
JournalNumerical Linear Algebra with Applications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2005


  • Convolution integral equations
  • Domain geometry
  • Preconditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Applied Mathematics


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