Inductive power transfer (IPT) technology uses large resonant inductors as compensation components. In this article, a spatially nested magnetic integration method is proposed to integrate discrete inductors into an IPT transformer structure. Unipolar transformer coils are employed and are decoupled orthogonally from a nested solenoidal inductance coil for various misalignment cases. The variations of the coupling coefficients and the magnetic flux density distribution are presented with the three-dimensional finite-element modeling tool. An LCC series compensation circuit is selected to implement the proposed method with an optimal efficiency design. A 4-kW prototype with a 160 mm airgap is implemented to demonstrate the validity of the proposed method. The experimental results show that the compact structure retains the outstanding performance and avoids significant cross coupling for lateral, vertical, and axial misalignment. The maximum conversion efficiency of the proposed system is 96.7% at full output power and stays above 91.6% throughout the misalignment range.
- Inductive power transfer (IPT)
- magnetic integration
- misalignment tolerance
- orthogonal decoupling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering