The upcoming gigabit-per-second high-speed networks are expected to support a wide range of communication-intensive real-time multimedia applications. The requirement for timely delivery of digitized audio-visual information raises new challenges for next-generation integrated services broadband networks. One of the key issues is QoS routing. It selects network routes with sufficient resources for the requested QoS parameters. The goal of routing solutions is twofold: (1) satisfying the QoS requirements for every admitted connection, and (2) achieving global efficiency in resource utilization. Many unicast/multicast QoS routing algorithms have been published recently, and they work with a variety of QoS requirements and resource constraints. Overall, they can be partitioned into three broad classes: (1) source routing, (2) distributed routing, and (3) hierarchical routing algorithms. In this article we give an overview of the QoS routing problem as well as the existing solutions. We present the strengths and weaknesses of different routing strategies, and outline the challenges. We also discuss the basic algorithms in each class, classify and compare them, and point out possible future directions in the QoS routing area.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Information Systems
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications