An overview of lithium experiments on HT-7 and EAST during 2012

J. S. Hu, J. Ren, Z. Sun, G. Z. Zuo, Q. X. Yang, J. G. Li, D. K. Mansfield, L. E. Zakharov, D. N. Ruzic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In 2012, lithium coating with an upgraded system on EAST, the first application of lithium granules injection for ELMs pacing on EAST, and the first flowing lithium limiter experiments on HT-7 have successfully been carried out and several new results were obtained. On EAST, it was found that both the Mo first walls and the C divertors were well coated by lithium and the lithium film coverage was increased up to 85%, which greatly contributed to the new achievements of EAST, especially stationary H-mode plasma over 30 s and long pulse plasma over 400 s. And at the same time, ELMs suppression by active lithium conditioning and ELMs pacing using lithium granules injection were demonstrated and reported for the first time on EAST. On HT-7, flowing liquid lithium limiters using the TEMHD concept and using a thin flowing film concept were also initially tested and some references were obtained for the future development. Those experiments show that lithium should be an important material for fusion devices. It could be used for wall conditioning, ELMs mitigation and also provide a self-recovery plasma facing components in future fusion devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2875-2885
Number of pages11
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014


  • EAST
  • ELMs pacing
  • Flow liquid limiter
  • HT-7
  • Lithium Wall conditioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering


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