An open-label, dose-escalating phase I study of elsamitrucin (SPI 28090) in treatment of malignant solid tumors in dogs

S. C. Fiocchi, K. A. Selting, M. P. Rosenberg, P. Kolli, G. Lenaz, C. Henry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Elsamitrucin, the most potent topoisomerase II inhibitor available, is unique in that it does not cause neutropenia or cardiotoxicosis. It has antitumor activity in human patients with relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Objectives: To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, and toxicity of elsamitrucin when administered to tumor-bearing dogs and to evaluate the incidence and severity of adverse events. Animals: Twenty client-owned dogs with spontaneous malignant solid tumors or lymphoma that were refractory to, or for which the owner declined, conventional therapy were enrolled. Methods: Prospective, open-label, single-agent study. Escalating doses of elsamitrucin were administered once weekly IV for up to 16 weeks in a modified 3 + 3 Phase I design. The starting dose was 0.06mg/kg with escalation to 0.08 and 0.09mg/kg. Dogs that remained on the study were monitored for evidence of toxicoses for at least 4 weeks and for survival every 2 months. Results: Serious adverse events (SAEs) possibly attributable to elsamitrucin include: 1 dog developed heart failure and another developed hepatotoxicosis manifested by increased alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and total bilirubin (0.06mg/kg dose); 1 dog developed severe anorexia and diarrhea, another developed severe diarrhea alone, and a 3rd dog went into cardiac arrest (0.09mg/kg dose). A dose of 0.08mg/kg was well tolerated with no SAEs. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: The MTD and recommended dose for Phase II trials of elsamitrucin is 0.08mg/kg IV weekly. Elsamitrucin might be considered for combination protocols with myelosuppressive chemotherapy agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-902
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of veterinary internal medicine
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antitumor antibiotic
  • Chemotherapy
  • Topoisomerase II inhibitor
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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