Microfluidic devices allow manipulation of reagents and fluids in a semi-automated fashion, ideal for performing multiple measurements or conditioning various reagents. Here, an enzyme assay has been performed in a multilayer poly(methyl methacrylate)-based microfluidic device, where the layers are fluidically connected via a nanocapillary array membrane serving as an effective injector and valve. As a model system, β-glucuronidase from Escherichia coli and fluorescein di(β-D-glucuronide) are used for the assay; offline mixing and online incubation of substrate and enzyme allow determination of the initial hydrolysis rates of the substrate under catalysis by β-glucuronidase. The Michaelis constant Km was determined to be ∼ 4.0 μM for the enzyme of 83 units/mL at ambient temperature. The 50% inhibitory concentration IC50 of D-saccharic acid-1,4-Iactone to 167 units/mL was estimated to be 3.0 μtM. These results demonstrate added functionality for a poly(methyl methacrylate)-based nanocapillary array membrane-containing microfluidic device for following enzyme reaction kinetics.
- Enzyme kinetics
- Microcontact printing
- Nanocapillary array membranes
- Poly(methyl methacrylate)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering