An In-depth Review of Conscientiousness and Educational Issues

Julia Spielmann, Hee Jun Roy Yoon, Mona Ayoub, Yueyang Chen, Nathaniel S. Eckland, Ulrich Trautwein, Anqing Zheng, Brent W. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Why does conscientiousness matter for education? How is conscientiousness conceptualized in the field of research on education? How do socio-emotional (SE) skills relate to conscientiousness? In an effort to help answer these questions, we review the current research on conscientiousness in education. Specifically, we examine (1) how conscientiousness is defined, (2) the assessment of conscientiousness, (3) the relation between conscientiousness and educational outcomes, (4) whether too much conscientiousness may be a bad thing, (5) the relation between conscientiousness and conceptually related educational constructs, (6) the changeability of conscientiousness and the importance of that fact to education, and (7) the challenges of assessing conscientiousness across cultures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2745-2781
Number of pages37
JournalEducational Psychology Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Conscientiousness
  • Education
  • Personality
  • SE skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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