An experimental study of the dynamic elasto-plastic contact behavior of metallic granules

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A controllable experimental method using a two-hemispherical-bead setup and a split Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB) apparatus is implemented to study the dynamic elastoplastic contact laws between ductile beads in contact. Beads made of four different metals, either rate sensitive (stainless steel 302 and 440C) or rate insensitive (Al alloy 2017 and brass alloy 260), are used. The experimental elasto-plastic contact forcedisplacement curves are obtained under different loading rates. The effects of material rate sensitivity and bead pair size on the contact laws are studied, and the way that the rate sensitivity of the materials translates to rate sensitivity contact force-displacement relations is explored. The transmitted energy ratio, which is related to the macroscale concept of a coefficient of restitution, is also calculated and, for all materials, shows a decrease with increasing impact speed. In addition, the experimental contact force- displacement data, residual compressive displacement, and diameter of yield area are compared with predictions from several widely-used theoretical models to generalize these experimental results to arbitrary contact situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number021009
JournalJournal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2013


  • Contact behavior
  • Dynamic loading
  • Elasto-plastic behavior
  • Granular material
  • Split Hopkinson pressure bar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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