An examination of veridicality in verbal protocols of language learners

Patriann Smith, James R. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, we concentrate on veridicality within verbal protocols when they are used to examine the reading processes of language learners (LLs). Eight methodological recommendations and considerations for verbal protocols proposed in Ericsson and Simon (1984; 1993) are used to review 20 LL reading research studies that utilized verbal protocols in research from the previous decade. Issues related to errors of commission and omission as well as errors associated with language as an inherent variable within LL verbal protocols are then examined. Among the implications for research is the need to reconceptualize the theoretical basis for elicitation of LLs' verbal protocols during the reading process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)709-720
Number of pages12
JournalTheory and Practice in Language Studies
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Language learners
  • Second language learners
  • Think-alouds
  • Verbal protocols
  • Verbal reports
  • Veridicality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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