A hydrodynamic flow restrictor (HDR) that is used to combine electrokinetic and hydrodynamic flow streams has been fabricated in a microfluidic channel by laser micromachining. Combining electrokinetic and hydrodynamic flow streams is challenging in microfluidic devices, because the hydrodynamic flow often overpowers the electrokinetic flow, making it more difficult to use low electroosmotic flow in the electrokinetic portion of the system. The HDR has been incorporated into a capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry interface that provides continuous introduction of a make-up solution and negates the hydrodynamic backpressure in the capillary electrophoresis channel to the extent that low EOF can be utilized. Moreover, the hydrodynamic backpressure is sufficiently minimized to allow coatings that minimize EOF to be used in the electrokinetically driven channel. Such coatings are of great importance for the analysis of proteins and other biomolecules that adsorb to charged surfaces.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering