An Application of the Reasoned Action Approach to Bystander Intervention for Sexual Assault

Kaylee M. Lukacena, Tobias Reynolds-Tylus, Brian L. Quick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The high prevalence of sexual assault in US college campuses has led to a widespread implementation of bystander intervention programs aimed at preventing sexual assault. The current study examines predictors of college students’ intentions to engage in bystander intervention through the theoretical lens of the reasoned action approach. An online survey with college students (N = 186) was conducted at a large Midwestern university. Our results indicated experiential attitudes, instrumental attitudes, descriptive norms, autonomy, and capacity, each positively associated with participants’ intentions to intervene to stop a sexual assault. Against expectations, injunctive norms were unrelated to bystander intervention intentions. Finally, in addition to these main effects, an experiential attitude by autonomy interaction was also observed. The results are discussed with a focus on the theoretical and practical implications of our findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-53
Number of pages8
JournalHealth communication
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Communication

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