An analytical derivation of MC-SCF vibrational wave functions for the quantum dynamical simulation of multiple proton transfer reactions: Initial application to protonated water chains

Karen Drukker, Sharon Hammes-Schiffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper presents an analytical derivation of a multiconfigurational self-consistent-field (MC-SCF) solution of the time-independent Schrödinger equation for nuclear motion (i.e. vibrational modes). This variational MC-SCF method is designed for the mixed quantum/classical molecular dynamics simulation of multiple proton transfer reactions, where the transferring protons are treated quantum mechanically while the remaining degrees of freedom are treated classically. This paper presents a proof that the Hellmann-Feynman forces on the classical degrees of freedom are identical to the exact forces (i.e. the Pulay corrections vanish) when this MC-SCF method is used with an appropriate choice of basis functions. This new MC-SCF method is applied to multiple proton transfer in a protonated chain of three hydrogen-bonded water molecules. The ground state and the first three excited state energies and the ground state forces agree well with full configuration interaction calculations. Sample trajectories are obtained using adiabatic molecular dynamics methods, and nonadiabatic effects are found to be insignificant for these sample trajectories. The accuracy of the excited states will enable this MC-SCF method to be used in conjunction with nonadiabatic molecular dynamics methods. This application differs from previous work in that it is a real-time quantum dynamical nonequilibrium simulation of multiple proton transfer in a chain of water molecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-374
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume107
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 8 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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