An analysis of the thermally induced formation of a uniform liquid layer of ternary deuterium-tritium mixture inside a cryogenic spherical shell inertial confinement fusion target

V. Varadarajan, K. Kim, T. P. Bernat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The values of the externally applied thermal gradients that give rise to uniform liquid layers of a ternary deuterium-tritium mixture inside a cryogenic spherical shell inertial confinement fusion target are calculated using a model recently developed by the authors. It is shown that the surface tension gradients induced by the component separation at the liquid-vapor interface pull the liquid upward, thus counteracting the gravity-induced fuel sagging and forming dynamically stable uniform liquid layers. The governing equations are the equations of continuity, momentum, energy, and mass diffusion-convection, which are solved using finite-difference methods. The solutions indicate that one needs fairly large positive thermal gradients, obtained by keeping the top of the target warmer than the bottom, in order to create uniform liquid layers on the inner surface of the target.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1876-1881
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1988

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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