An analysis of automatic teller machine usage by older adults: A structured interview approach

Wendy A. Rogers, D. Kristen Gilbert, Elizabeth Fraser Cabrera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It is often assumed that automatic teller machines (ATMs) are inherently easy to use and require no training. However, there is evidence to suggest that ATM users do experience difficulty when learning to use the system. The purpose of the present study was to conduct an in-depth analysis of ATM usage by older adults. Our approach consisted of telephone interviews followed by structured individual interviews. The goals were to understand the problems encountered by ATM users, to determine how ATMs might be better designed and to assess the training needs of older individuals. The phone interview data provide information about the relationships between age, sex and ATM usage within the adult sample, as well as information about why some people choose not to use ATMs, The structured interview data provide a more in-depth view of the concerns of both users and non-users, and information about training needs. The training and design implications of the results are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-180
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Ergonomics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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