An advanced test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions using a hybrid system of optical remote sensing and point monitor techniques

Ram A. Hashmonay, Robert H. Kagann, Mark J Rood, Byung J. Kim, Michael R. Kemme, Jack Gillies

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

A new test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions has been developed. This method includes one open path laser transmissometer (OPLT) extended to a path of several undred meters to measure ground-level extinction coefficients across an entire plume combined with one tower with at least two vertically distributed and time-resolved dust monitors (DM) (in the middle of the OP-LT path) to measure vertical gradients of PM10 and PM2.5 concentration. At least two wind monitors are mounted on the tower at the same elevation as the DM instruments to measure wind speed and wind direction for input into the PM flux calculations. The extinction data from the OP-LT (from a specific dust source) are calibrated to the PM10 concentration data from calibrated DM instruments. We found that such calibration is mainly a function of dust type and its typical airborne particle size distribution. The performance of this method is demonstrated through comparison to a more traditional upwind-downwind method that deploys three towers with five DM instruments on each tower to define the flux plane with multiple measurements. It is shown that the new hybrid method (one tower with two or three DM instruments and OP-LT) provides comparable flux calculation to the traditional method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAtmospheric and Biological Environmental Monitoring
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Pages73-81
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9781402096730
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

Fingerprint

dust
remote sensing
test
method
measuring
extinction coefficient
wind direction
plume
wind velocity
laser
extinction
particle size
calibration
calculation

Keywords

  • Dust emission factors
  • Dust monitors
  • Exposure profiling
  • Fugitive dust emissions
  • Isokinetic dust samplers
  • Open path laser transmissometer
  • Optical remote sensing
  • Particulate matter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Hashmonay, R. A., Kagann, R. H., Rood, M. J., Kim, B. J., Kemme, M. R., & Gillies, J. (2009). An advanced test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions using a hybrid system of optical remote sensing and point monitor techniques. In Atmospheric and Biological Environmental Monitoring (pp. 73-81). Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9674-7_6

An advanced test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions using a hybrid system of optical remote sensing and point monitor techniques. / Hashmonay, Ram A.; Kagann, Robert H.; Rood, Mark J; Kim, Byung J.; Kemme, Michael R.; Gillies, Jack.

Atmospheric and Biological Environmental Monitoring. Springer Netherlands, 2009. p. 73-81.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Hashmonay, RA, Kagann, RH, Rood, MJ, Kim, BJ, Kemme, MR & Gillies, J 2009, An advanced test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions using a hybrid system of optical remote sensing and point monitor techniques. in Atmospheric and Biological Environmental Monitoring. Springer Netherlands, pp. 73-81. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9674-7_6
Hashmonay RA, Kagann RH, Rood MJ, Kim BJ, Kemme MR, Gillies J. An advanced test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions using a hybrid system of optical remote sensing and point monitor techniques. In Atmospheric and Biological Environmental Monitoring. Springer Netherlands. 2009. p. 73-81 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9674-7_6
Hashmonay, Ram A. ; Kagann, Robert H. ; Rood, Mark J ; Kim, Byung J. ; Kemme, Michael R. ; Gillies, Jack. / An advanced test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions using a hybrid system of optical remote sensing and point monitor techniques. Atmospheric and Biological Environmental Monitoring. Springer Netherlands, 2009. pp. 73-81
@inbook{3585103c105c411e9c8ef230000b3e21,
title = "An advanced test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions using a hybrid system of optical remote sensing and point monitor techniques",
abstract = "A new test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions has been developed. This method includes one open path laser transmissometer (OPLT) extended to a path of several undred meters to measure ground-level extinction coefficients across an entire plume combined with one tower with at least two vertically distributed and time-resolved dust monitors (DM) (in the middle of the OP-LT path) to measure vertical gradients of PM10 and PM2.5 concentration. At least two wind monitors are mounted on the tower at the same elevation as the DM instruments to measure wind speed and wind direction for input into the PM flux calculations. The extinction data from the OP-LT (from a specific dust source) are calibrated to the PM10 concentration data from calibrated DM instruments. We found that such calibration is mainly a function of dust type and its typical airborne particle size distribution. The performance of this method is demonstrated through comparison to a more traditional upwind-downwind method that deploys three towers with five DM instruments on each tower to define the flux plane with multiple measurements. It is shown that the new hybrid method (one tower with two or three DM instruments and OP-LT) provides comparable flux calculation to the traditional method.",
keywords = "Dust emission factors, Dust monitors, Exposure profiling, Fugitive dust emissions, Isokinetic dust samplers, Open path laser transmissometer, Optical remote sensing, Particulate matter",
author = "Hashmonay, {Ram A.} and Kagann, {Robert H.} and Rood, {Mark J} and Kim, {Byung J.} and Kemme, {Michael R.} and Jack Gillies",
year = "2009",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/978-1-4020-9674-7_6",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781402096730",
pages = "73--81",
booktitle = "Atmospheric and Biological Environmental Monitoring",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - An advanced test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions using a hybrid system of optical remote sensing and point monitor techniques

AU - Hashmonay, Ram A.

AU - Kagann, Robert H.

AU - Rood, Mark J

AU - Kim, Byung J.

AU - Kemme, Michael R.

AU - Gillies, Jack

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - A new test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions has been developed. This method includes one open path laser transmissometer (OPLT) extended to a path of several undred meters to measure ground-level extinction coefficients across an entire plume combined with one tower with at least two vertically distributed and time-resolved dust monitors (DM) (in the middle of the OP-LT path) to measure vertical gradients of PM10 and PM2.5 concentration. At least two wind monitors are mounted on the tower at the same elevation as the DM instruments to measure wind speed and wind direction for input into the PM flux calculations. The extinction data from the OP-LT (from a specific dust source) are calibrated to the PM10 concentration data from calibrated DM instruments. We found that such calibration is mainly a function of dust type and its typical airborne particle size distribution. The performance of this method is demonstrated through comparison to a more traditional upwind-downwind method that deploys three towers with five DM instruments on each tower to define the flux plane with multiple measurements. It is shown that the new hybrid method (one tower with two or three DM instruments and OP-LT) provides comparable flux calculation to the traditional method.

AB - A new test method for measuring fugitive dust emissions has been developed. This method includes one open path laser transmissometer (OPLT) extended to a path of several undred meters to measure ground-level extinction coefficients across an entire plume combined with one tower with at least two vertically distributed and time-resolved dust monitors (DM) (in the middle of the OP-LT path) to measure vertical gradients of PM10 and PM2.5 concentration. At least two wind monitors are mounted on the tower at the same elevation as the DM instruments to measure wind speed and wind direction for input into the PM flux calculations. The extinction data from the OP-LT (from a specific dust source) are calibrated to the PM10 concentration data from calibrated DM instruments. We found that such calibration is mainly a function of dust type and its typical airborne particle size distribution. The performance of this method is demonstrated through comparison to a more traditional upwind-downwind method that deploys three towers with five DM instruments on each tower to define the flux plane with multiple measurements. It is shown that the new hybrid method (one tower with two or three DM instruments and OP-LT) provides comparable flux calculation to the traditional method.

KW - Dust emission factors

KW - Dust monitors

KW - Exposure profiling

KW - Fugitive dust emissions

KW - Isokinetic dust samplers

KW - Open path laser transmissometer

KW - Optical remote sensing

KW - Particulate matter

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77949601045&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77949601045&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-1-4020-9674-7_6

DO - 10.1007/978-1-4020-9674-7_6

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:77949601045

SN - 9781402096730

SP - 73

EP - 81

BT - Atmospheric and Biological Environmental Monitoring

PB - Springer Netherlands

ER -