An active-set approach for OFDM PAR reduction via tone reservation

Brian S. Krongold, Douglas L. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Common to all orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems is a large peak-to-average-power ratio (PAR), which can lead to low power efficiency and nonlinear distortion at the transmit power amplifier. Tone reservation uses other unused or reserved tones to design a peak-cancelling signal that lowers the PAR of a transmit OFDM block. In contrast to previous methods, the new active-set method proposed here converges very quickly toward a minimum-PAR solution at a lower computational cost. An efficient real-baseband algorithm is well suited for discrete multitone (DMT) modulation over twisted-pair copper wiring, where some subchannels may have an insufficient SNR to reliably send data. The real PAR problem occurs in the analog signal before the power amplifier, and results focus on this figure of merit. The performance of oversampling before applying PAR reduction is analyzed, and results show that this is necessary to sufficiently handle the analog PAR problem. An extension of the real-baseband technique can be applied to complex-baseband signals to help reduce PAR in wireless and broadcast systems. By sacrificing 11 out of 256 OFDM tones (4.3%) for tone reservation, over 3 dB of analog PAR reduction can be obtained for a wireless system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-509
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Multicarrier communications
  • OFDM
  • Peak-to-average power ratio
  • Tone reservation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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