Aminolysis of Dicationic Ruthenium Thiophene Complexes

Qian Feng, Thomas B. Rauchfuss, Scott R. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dicationic sandwich complexes containing thiophene, 2-methylthiophene, 2,5-dimethylthiophene, and tetramethylthiophene react with ammonia to give salts of the formula [(ring)Ru(SC4R4NH2)]X where ring = C6Me6 or cymene. The thiophene, 2-methylthiophene, and 2,5-dimethylthiophene complexes undergo C-S cleavage to give iminium-thiolato derivatives. In the case of the 2,5-dimethylthiophene complex, a kinetic isomer was isolated which slowly isomerized to a thermodynamic isomer. The ammonia adducts of the tetramethylthiophene complexes [(cymene)Ru(C4Me4S)]2+ and [(C5Me5)Rh(C4Me4S)]2+ do not undergo C-S cleavage. These 2-NH2C4Me4S complexes react with protic acids to regenerate the starting dication [(ring)M(C4Me4S)]2+. The aniline adducts of thiophene, 2-methylthiophene, and 2,5-dimethylthiophene are similar to the ammonia derivatives. The structures of the kinetic isomer of [(C6Me6)Ru(SC3H2MeCHNHPh)]PF6 and the thermodynamic isomer of [(cymene)Ru(SC3H2MeCMeNHPh)]OTf were established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The crystallographic study proves that the isomerization in this family of compounds arises from the relative configuration at the terminal carbon of the alkenyl thiolate ligand Bond distance data indicate an interaction between the iminium carbon center and the Ru atom in the kinetic isomer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2923-2930
Number of pages8
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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