Many aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases prevent mistranslation by relying upon proofreading activities at multiple stages of the aminoacylation reaction. In leucyltRNA synthetase (LeuRS), editing activities that precede or are subsequent to tRNA charging have been identified. Although both are operational, either the pre-or posttransfer editing activity can predominate. Yeast cytoplasmic LeuRS (ycLeuRS) misactivates structurally similar noncognate amino acids including isoleucine and methionine. We show that ycLeuRS has a robust post-transfer editing activity that efficiently clears tRNALeu mischarged with isoleucine. In comparison, the enzyme's post-transfer hydrolytic activity against tRNALeu mischarged with methionine is weak. Rather, methionyl-adenylate is cleared robustly via an enzyme-mediated pre-transfer editing activity. We hypothesize that, similar to E. coli LeuRS, ycLeuRS has coexisting functional pre-and post-transfer editing activities. In the case of ycLeuRS, a shift between the two editing pathways is triggered by the identity of the noncognate amino acid.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry