When sociologist, and. education reformer Anísio Teixeira attempted to introduce John Dewey’s model of a democratic society – held as a model of U.S. progressivism in the mid-twentieth century – Teixeira, was ironically branded a communist by conservative members of Brazil’s first Vargas Regime. This paper explores the ideological isolation Teixeira experienced as he tried to re-imagine Brazilian society, as well as the paradox that after Teixeira’s persecution, Vargas’ Estado Novo regime quietly adopted many of the projects championed by Teixeira. In particular, this paper suggests that progressive and authoritarian visions of the state role in social reform ultimately shared the same high-modernist vision and the same highmodernist limit to the range of that vision.
|Translated title of the contribution||American dreams, authoritarian realities: Encounters between John Dewey’s democratic society and Brazil’s Vargas era|
|Number of pages||22|
|Journal||Revista Educação em Questão|
|State||Published - 2005|
- John Dewey
- Anísio Teixeira
- Estado Novo