Ambient sexual harassment: An integrated model of antecedents and consequences

Theresa M. Glomb, Wendy L. Richman, Charles L. Hulin, Fritz Drasgow, Kimberly T. Schneider, Louise F. Fitzgerald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Research on sexual harassment as a prevalent job stressor has focused primarily on outcomes for the direct targets of harassment; the antecedents and consequences ofindirectexposure to sexual harassment have not been explored. Ambient Sexual Harassment is proposed as an assessment of indirect exposure to sexual harassment. Ambient Sexual Harassment is defined as the general or ambient level of sexual harassment in a work group as measured by the frequency of sexually harassing behaviors experienced by others in a woman's work group. The integration of Ambient Sexual Harassment into the model of sexual harassment developed by Fitzgerald, Drasgow, Hulin, Gelfand, and Magley (1997) proposes that indirect exposure to sexual harassment will have similar antecedents and job-related, psychological, and health outcomes as direct exposure. An empirical test of the model, using samples of female employees from a public utility company (N= 455) and a food processing plant (N= 194), generally supports predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-328
Number of pages20
JournalOrganizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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