AlPO4 in Silica Glass Optical Fibers: Deduction of Additional Material Properties

Nanjie Yu, Thomas W. Hawkins, Thao Vien Bui, Maxime Cavillon, John Ballato, Peter D. Dragic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A silica clad optical fiber with a core comprised of SiO2, P2O5, Al2O3, and AlPO4 is analyzed in order to determine the impact of AlPO4 when added to silica. A chromatic dispersion curve is presented, from which the nonlinear refractive index is estimated to be similar to that of silica. When doped into SiO2, AlPO4 decreases the thermo-optic coefficient (slightly), decreases the acoustic velocity, broadens the Brillouin spectral width through increased viscoelastic damping, and reduces the strength of the dependence of Brillouin frequency on temperature. Findings herein indicate that AlPO4 has a near-zero value of p12. It also is found that the fiber does not have complete AlPO4 formation, with some P2O5 formation in Al2O3-rich regions of the fiber. Given the relevance of AlPO4 to high power active fiber technology, the presented data can be used for designing fibers with enhanced performance characteristics, such as those with elevated threshold for the onset of stimulated Brillouin scattering.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8839058
JournalIEEE Photonics Journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2019


  • Fiber optics
  • aluminum
  • fiber lasers
  • fiber nonlinear optics
  • glass
  • optical fiber testing
  • optical materials
  • phosphorus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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