ALMA Observations of a Quiescent Molecular Cloud in the Large Magellanic Cloud

Tony Wong, Annie Hughes, Kazuki Tokuda, Rémy Indebetouw, Jean Philippe Bernard, Toshikazu Onishi, Evan Wojciechowski, Jeffrey B. Bandurski, Akiko Kawamura, Julia Roman-Duval, Yixian Cao, C. H.Rosie Chen, You Hua Chu, Chaoyue Cui, Yasuo Fukui, Ludovic Montier, Erik Muller, Juergen Ott, Deborah Paradis, Jorge L. PinedaErik Rosolowsky, Marta Sewiło

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present high-resolution (subparsec) observations of a giant molecular cloud in the nearest star-forming galaxy, the Large Magellanic Cloud. ALMA Band 6 observations trace the bulk of the molecular gas in 12CO(2-1) and the high column density regions in 13CO(2-1). Our target is a quiescent cloud (PGCC G282.98-32.40, which we refer to as the "Planck cold cloud" or PCC) in the southern outskirts of the galaxy where star formation activity is very low and largely confined to one location. We decompose the cloud into structures using a dendrogram and apply an identical analysis to matched-resolution cubes of the 30 Doradus molecular cloud (located near intense star formation) for comparison. Structures in the PCC exhibit roughly 10 times lower surface density and five times lower velocity dispersion than comparably sized structures in 30 Dor, underscoring the non-universality of molecular cloud properties. In both clouds, structures with relatively higher surface density lie closer to simple virial equilibrium, whereas lower surface-density structures tend to exhibit supervirial line widths. In the PCC, relatively high line widths are found in the vicinity of an infrared source whose properties are consistent with a luminous young stellar object. More generally, we find that the smallest resolved structures ("leaves") of the dendrogram span close to the full range of line widths observed across all scales. As a result, while the bulk of the kinetic energy is found on the largest scales, the small-scale energetics tend to be dominated by only a few structures, leading to substantial scatter in observed size-line-width relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number139
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume850
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • ISM: molecules
  • Magellanic Clouds
  • galaxies: ISM
  • radio lines: ISM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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