All-semiconductor plasmonic nanoantennas for infrared sensing

Stephanie Law, Lan Yu, Aaron Rosenberg, Daniel Wasserman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Infrared absorption spectroscopy of vibro-rotational molecular resonances provides a powerful method for investigation of a wide range of molecules and molecular compounds. However, the wavelength of light required to excite these resonances is often orders of magnitude larger than the absorption cross sections of the molecules under investigation. This mismatch makes infrared detection and identification of nanoscale volumes of material challenging. Here we demonstrate a new type of infrared plasmonic antenna for long-wavelength nanoscale enhanced sensing. The plasmonic materials utilized are epitaxially grown semiconductor engineered metals, which results in high-quality, low-loss infrared plasmonic metals with tunable optical properties. Nanoantennas are fabricated using nanosphere lithography, allowing for cost-effective and large-area fabrication of nanoscale structures. Antenna arrays are optically characterized as a function of both the antenna geometry and the optical properties of the plasmonic semiconductor metals. Thin, weakly absorbing polymer layers are deposited upon the antenna arrays, and we are able to observe very weak molecular absorption signatures when these signatures are in spectral proximity to the antenna resonance. Experimental results are supported with finite element modeling with strong agreement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4569-4574
Number of pages6
JournalNano letters
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 11 2013

Keywords

  • Midinfrared
  • antenna
  • plasmonics
  • sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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