## Abstract

In this paper we investigate asymmetric forms of Doob maximal inequality. The asymmetry is imposed by noncommutativity. Let (M, τ) be a noncommutative probability space equipped with a filtration of von Neumann subalgebras (Mn)n≥1, whose union ⋃ _{n} _{≥} _{1}M_{n}is weak-* dense in M. Let E_{n}denote the corresponding family of conditional expectations. As an illustration for an asymmetric result, we prove that for 1 < p< 2 and x∈ L_{p}(M, τ) one can find a, b∈ L_{p}(M, τ) and contractions u_{n}, v_{n}∈ M such that (Formula Presented).Moreover, it turns out that au_{n}and v_{n}b converge in the row/column Hardy spaces Hpr(M) and Hpc(M) respectively. In particular, this solves a problem posed by the Defant and Junge in 2004. In the case p = 1, our results establish a noncommutative form of the Davis celebrated theorem on the relation betwe en martingale maximal and square functions in L_{1}, whose noncommutative form has remained open for quite some time. Given 1 ≤ p≤ 2 , we also provide new weak type maximal estimates, which imply in turn left/right almost uniform convergence of E_{n}(x) in row/column Hardy spaces. This improves the bilateral convergence known so far. Our approach is based on new forms of Davis martingale decomposition which are of independent interest, and an algebraic atomic description for the involved Hardy spaces. The latter results are new even for commutative von Neumann algebras.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 995-1019 |

Number of pages | 25 |

Journal | Communications in Mathematical Physics |

Volume | 346 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Sep 1 2016 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics