Akt Serine/Threonine Kinase 1 Regulates de Novo Fatty Acid Synthesis through the Mammalian Target of Rapamycin/Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1 Axis in Dairy Goat Mammary Epithelial Cells

Tianying Zhang, Jiangtao Huang, Yongqing Yi, Xueying Zhang, Juan J. Loor, Yanhong Cao, Huaiping Shi, Jun Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Akt serine/threonine kinase acts as a central mediator in the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway, regulating a series of biological processes. In lipid metabolism, Akt activation regulates a series of gene expressions, including genes related to intracellular fatty acid synthesis. However, the regulatory mechanisms of Akt in dairy goat mammary lipid metabolism have not been elaborated. In this study, the coding sequences of goat Akt1 gene were cloned and analyzed. Gene expression of Akt1 in different lactation stages was also investigated. For in vitro studies, a eukaryotic expression vector of Akt1 was constructed and transfected to goat mammary epithelial cells (GMECs), and specific inhibitors of Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling were applied to GMECs. Results showed that Akt1 protein was highly conserved, and its mRNA was highly expressed in midlactation. In vitro studies indicated that Akt1 phosphorylation activated mTOR and subsequently enhanced sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP1), thus increasing intracellular triacylglycerol content. Inhibition of Akt/mTOR signaling down-regulated the gene expression of lipogenic genes. Overall, Akt1 plays an important role in regulating de novo fatty acid synthesis in goat mammary epithelial cells, and this process probably is through the mTOR/SREBP1 axis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1197-1205
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume66
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Akt1
  • goat
  • lipid
  • mammary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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