Air pollution and precipitation chemistry in Cubatão, Brazil industrial area

Marcelo S. Vieira-Filho, Adalgiza Fornaro, Christopher Lehmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Air quality and precipitation chemistry (wet deposition) of Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo (MASP) and Cubatão, one characterized by a large vehicle fleet (Sao Paulo), and the other for the large industrial complexes (Cubatão). Concentrations of sodium, chloride, nitrate, calcium, and sulfate ions were higher in Cubatão than at MASP. In Cubatão, topography, and lower wind speeds associated with the sea-breeze circulation hinder the dispersion of air pollutants. Both sampling sites had higher levels during winter and autumn due to absence of frequent rainfall events. Vila Parisi, which is located in close vicinity to large petrochemical plants, a similar pattern was visible for the percentile wind-rose of Cubatão-Center, which is further away from emissions sources. The 99th percentile SO2 concentrations in MASP (Congonhas) were one-fourth of levels at Vila Parisi's, indicating that Cubatão concentrations are still a matter of concern and could result in severe air pollution episodes.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication107th Air and Waste Management Association Annual Conference and Exhibition, ACE 2014
PublisherAir and Waste Management Association
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781634397322
StatePublished - 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Air and Waste Management Association's Annual Conference and Exhibition, AWMA
ISSN (Print)1052-6102


  • Air pollution
  • Cubatão
  • Sulfur
  • Wet deposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Energy


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