Agricultural market liberalization and household food security in rural China

Katherine R Baylis, Linlin Fan, Lia Nogueira

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

In the 1990s, prior to its accession to the World Trade Organization, China dramatically reduced market distortions in agriculture. We use a panel of 6,770 rural households from 1989 to 2000 to ask whether agricultural market liberalization affected rural household food security as measured by the share of calories from non-staples. Given that not all households may be able to take advantage of new market opportunities, we focus on the distributional effect of market liberalization. Unlike most previous research on the effects of liberalization, we consider the effects of liberalization on both farm and off-farm income. We find that liberalization primarily improves household food security by increasing off-farm income, and the effects vary greatly by initial food security status and producer types. While many households benefit from liberalization, some food-insecure households producing import-competing products have lower food security as a result of agricultural market liberalization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-269
Number of pages20
JournalAmerican Journal of Agricultural Economics
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Food Supply
food security
households
China
markets
farm income
World Trade Organization
new markets
Agriculture
imports
Liberalization
Food security
Agricultural markets
Household
Market liberalization
Rural China
Organizations
agriculture
Food
farms

Keywords

  • Agricultural market liberalization
  • Household food security
  • Off-farm income
  • Rural China
  • Trade liberalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

Agricultural market liberalization and household food security in rural China. / Baylis, Katherine R; Fan, Linlin; Nogueira, Lia.

In: American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 101, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 250-269.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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