We consider the problem of simplifying large weighted directed graphs by aggregating nodes and edges. This problem is recast as a clustering/resource allocation problem, and a solution method that incorporates features of the deterministic annealing (DA) algorithm is proposed. The novelty in our method is a quantitive measure of dissimilarity that allows us to compare directed graphs of possibly different sizes (i.e., the original and the aggregated graphs). The approach we propose is insensitive to initial conditions and less likely to converge to poor local minima than Lloyd-type algorithms. We apply our graph-aggregation (clustering) method to Markov chains, where low-order Markov chains that approximate high-order chains are obtained through appropriate aggregation of state transition matrices. We further develop a decentralized computational scheme to improve tractability of the algorithm.
- Deterministic annealing (DA) algorithm
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications