Age-related differences in the use of background layout in visual search

Ensar Becic, Arthur F. Kramer, Walter R. Boot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of background layout on visual search performance, and more specifically on the tendency to refixate previously inspected locations and objects, was investigated. Older and younger adults performed a search task in which a background layout or landmark was present or absent in a gaze contingent visual search paradigm. Regardless of age, participants demonstrated fewer refixations when landmarks were present, with older adults showing a larger landmark advantage. This visual search advantage did not come at the cost of saccadic latency. Furthermore, the visual search performance advantage obtained in the presence of a background layout or landmark was observed both for individuals with small and large memory spans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-125
Number of pages17
JournalAging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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