Age alters hypothalamic imipramine binding sites in female rats. Older females have increased levels of imipramine binding with decreased affinity. The response of hypothalamic imipramine binding sites to chronic antidepressant treatment varies depending on the age of the animals treated. In juvenile female rats imipramine binding sites decrease after antidepressant treatment, consistent with previous reports. However, in young females chronic imipramine treatment produces no change in levels of imipramine binding with a slight decrease in binding affinity. In middle-aged female rats, the same treatment causes an apparent increase in levels of imipramine binding sites along with a decrease in affinity. These decreases in the affinity of imipramine binding sites in older female rats, and the concomitant changes in the levels of imipramine binding are the result of imipramine metabolites remaining in the tissue after antidepressant treatment and interfering with the binding assay, despite extensive washing of the membrane preparation. Thus, the observed changes in the response of imipramine binding sites to chronic imipramine treatment with age are probably due to age-related alterations in the metabolism of imipramine in female rats.
- Antidepressant treatment
- Imipramine binding sites
- Imipramine metabolism
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience