After-school childcare arrangements and maternal labor supply in low-income American households: Comparisons between race and ethnicity

Hyejoon Park, Min Zhan, Shinwoo Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Even though after-school childcare arrangements are a significant mat-ter for working mothers in the United States, only formal childcare has been recognized as relevant by researchers. Therefore, this study aims to find the association between different types of after-school childcare arrangements (after-school programs, relative, parental, self-care, and combination of care) and low-income working mothers’ labor supply, including their working hours and months, as well as their availability for regular job shifts and training/school, with special attention to their race/ethnicity. The study employed the Ordinary Least Squares regres-sion analysis and utilized the National Household Education Survey Programs: After-School Programs and Activities (2005). The results showed that White and Hispanic mothers using relative care reported longer working hours than mothers of the same ethnic groups who used other types of care. Hispanic mothers using parental (spousal) care also reported fewer working months than Hispanic mothers using relative care. Implications for policy, social work practice, and research are dis-cussed along with limitations, including the cross-sectional design of the study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5
Pages (from-to)85-113
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Sociology and Social Welfare
Volume47
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • After-school childcare arrangements
  • Ethnic-minority moth-ers
  • Labor supply
  • Low-income working mothers
  • Relative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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