Advantages and Challenges of Distributing Leadership in Middle-Level Schools

J. Patrick Grenda, Donald G. Hackmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This multiple-site case study examined distributed leadership practices of three middle school principals, using observations, interviews, and document analysis. Findings disclosed that the principals built on the interdisciplinary teaming structure to develop empowering organizational structures that promoted democratic governance. Employing distributed practices, they identified teacher leaders to guide curriculum, professional development, and building management. While utilizing the teaming structure to facilitate building-wide decision making, the principals also found that distributing leadership across several individuals sometimes created challenges for communications accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-74
Number of pages22
JournalNASSP Bulletin
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2014


  • distributed leadership
  • middle level
  • principalship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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