Advanced MRI reconstruction toolbox with accelerating on GPU

Xiao Long Wu, Yue Zhuo, Jiading Gai, Fan Lam, Maojing Fu, Justin P. Haldar, Wen Mei Hwu, Zhi Pei Liang, Bradley P. Sutton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this paper, we present a fast iterative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reconstruction algorithm taking advantage of the prevailing GPGPU programming paradigm. In clinical environment, MRI reconstruction is usually performed via fast Fourier transform (FFT). However, imaging artifacts (i.e. signal loss) resulting from susceptibility-induced magnetic field inhomogeneities degrade the quality of reconstructed images. These artifacts must be addressed using accurate modeling of the physics of the system coupled with iterative reconstruction. We have developed a reconstruction algorithm with improved image quality at the expense of computation time and hence an implementation on GPUs achieving significant speedup. In this work, we extend our previous work on GPU implementation by adding several new features. First, we enable Sensitivity Encoding for Fast MRI (SENSE) reconstruction (from data acquired using a multi-receiver coil array) which can reduce the acquisition time. Besides, we have implemented a GPU-based total variation regularization in our SENSE reconstruction framework. In this paper, we describe the different optimizations employed from levels of algorithm, program code structures, and specific architecture performance tuning, featuring both our MRI reconstruction algorithm and GPU hardware specifics. Results show that the current GPU implementation produces accurate image estimates while significantly accelerating the reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE-IS and T Electronic Imaging - Parallel Processing for Imaging Applications
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
EventParallel Processing for Imaging Applications - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 24 2011Jan 25 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume7872
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherParallel Processing for Imaging Applications
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA
Period1/24/111/25/11

Keywords

  • field inhomogeneity
  • GPU
  • MRI
  • SENSE
  • susceptibility
  • total variation regularization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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