Adult age differences in knowledge-driven reading

Lisa M. Soederberg Miller, Heather L. Kirkorian, Elizabeth A.L. Stine-Morrow, Michelle L. Conroy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The authors investigated the effects of domain knowledge on online reading among younger and older adults. Individuals were randomly assigned to either a domain-relevant (i.e., high-knowledge) or domain-irrelevant (i.e., low-knowledge) training condition. Two days later, participants read target passages on a computer that drew on information presented in the high-knowledge training session. For both age groups, knowledge improved comprehension and recall and facilitated the processing of topic shifts during reading. In addition, domain knowledge had differential effects on processing across the 2 age groups. Among older (but not younger) readers, domain knowledge increased the time allocated to organization and integration processes (wrap-up) and increased the frequency of knowledge-based inferences during recall. These results suggest that among older readers, domain knowledge engenders an investment of processing resources during reading, which is used to create a more elaborated representation of the situation model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)811-821
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
Volume96
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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