Adsorption and electrothermal desorption of organic vapors using activated carbon adsorbents with novel morphologies

Lingai Luo, David Ramirez, Mark J. Rood, Georges Grevillot, K. James Hay, Deborah L. Thurston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Novel morphologies of activated carbons such as monolith, beads and fiber cloth can effectively capture organic vapors from industrial sources. These adsorbent materials are also unique because they can undergo direct electrothermal regeneration to recover the adsorbed organic vapors for potential re-use. This investigation compares and contrasts the properties of these adsorbents when using electrothermal-swing adsorption. The adsorption systems consisted of an organic vapor generation system, an electrothermal-swing adsorption vessel, a gas detection unit, and a data acquisition and control system. The activated carbon monolith (ACM) had the lowest pressure drop, highest permeability, highest electrical resistivity and lowest cost as compared to the activated carbon beads (ACB) and the activated carbon fiber cloth (ACFC). ACB had the largest throughput ratio and lowest length of unused bed as compared to the other adsorbents. However, ACFC had the largest adsorption capacity for toluene when compared to ACM and ACB. ACFC was also faster to regenerate and had a larger concentration factor than ACM and ACB. These results describe relevant physical, electrical, adsorption and cost properties for specific morphologies of the adsorbents to more effectively capture and recover organic vapors from gas streams.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2715-2723
Number of pages9
JournalCarbon
Volume44
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2006

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Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Adsorption
  • Adsorption properties
  • Carbon beads
  • Carbon cloth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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