This study systemically reviewed evidence linking adiposity to readmission and all-cause mortality in post-coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients. Keyword/reference search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library for articles published before June, 2018. Eligibility criteria included study designs: experimental/observational studies; subjects: adult patients undergoing CABG; and outcomes: hospital/clinic readmissions, and short-term (≤30 days) and mid-to-long-term (>30 days) all-cause mortality. Seventy-two studies were identified. Meta-analysis showed that the odds of post-CABG readmission among patients with overweight was 30% lower than their normal-weight counterparts and the odds of mid-to-long-term post-CABG mortality among patients with overweight were 20% lower than their normal-weight counterparts. In contrast, no difference in post-CABG readmission rate was found between patients with obesity and their nonobese counterparts; no difference in short-term or in-hospital post-CABG mortality rate was found between patients with overweight or obesity and their normal-weight counterparts; and no difference in mid-to-long-term post-CABG mortality rate was found between patients with obesity and their normal-weight counterparts. In conclusion, patients with overweight but not obesity had a lower readmission and mid-to-long-term mortality rate following CABG relative to their normal-weight counterparts. Preoperative weight loss may not be advised to patients with overweight undergoing CABG.
- all-cause mortality
- coronary artery bypass grafting
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health