Adherence to Cervical Cancer Screening in Korean American Immigrant Women: Identifying Malleable Variables for Intervention Development

Hee Yun Lee, Y. Joon Choi, Jihee Shin, Young Ji Yoon, Soonok An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction. Despite Korean American women having a high incidence rate of cervical cancer, many are unaware of the significance of Pap test. The purpose of this research was to examine the rates of Pap test receipt and factors associated with the uptake. Method. The study was guided by Andersen’s Model of Health Service Use and used a cross-sectional research design. A sample of 230 women residing in metro-Atlanta, Georgia, participated in this study. Results. Slightly more than half (55.7%) had lifetime Pap tests while less than half (45.7%) had it within the last 3 years. Binary logistic regression indicated that marital status, monthly income, and annual checkups were significantly correlated with receiving Pap tests. Discussion. Special attention is needed for women who are unmarried and have low income to increase Pap test receipt. Suggested intervention programs include better communication strategies, extended Medicare coverage, and outreach programs within Korean American community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-238
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Transcultural Nursing
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cervical cancer
  • health disparity
  • Korean American women
  • Pap test
  • screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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