A four-wheel independent steering (4WIS) and a four-wheel independent driving (4WID) agricultural data acquisition vehicle (ADAV) system was designed to monitor and manage the growing status of bio-energy crops. To avoid destroying crops, a changeable wheel gauge and high-clearance design was employed, which brought new problems to the ADAV system: reduced path-following precision and driving stability. Given the dynamic characteristics of the ADAV system, an additional yaw moment control (AYC) system was designed to achieve high path-following precision and stability of the ADAV system. Using the input steering wheel angle and driving speed, the desired yaw rate and sideslip angle were calculated. The difference between the desired and actual yaw rate and that between the desired and actual sideslip angle were employed as feedbacks to obtain an additional yaw moment executed on the ADAV system in real time. The effectiveness of the AYC system was verified in field tests. Experimental results show that the actual yaw rate, sideslip angle and path trajectory were close to the desired ones. Therefore, the stability and path-following accuracy of the ADAV system were improved.
- Additional yaw moment control
- Path following
- Sideslip angle
- Yaw rate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Artificial Intelligence