This work discusses vision-based tracking of a ground vehicle moving with unknown time-varying velocity. The follower unmanned aerial vehicle is equipped with a single camera. The control objective is to regulate the twodimensional horizontal range between the unmanned aerial vehicle and the target to a constant. The contribution of this paper has two distinct features. The developed guidance law uses the estimates of the target's velocity obtained from a fast-estimation scheme. It is shown that the fast-estimation scheme has guaranteed performance bounds and the tracking performance bound can be explicitly derived as a function of the estimation error. The performance bounds imply that the signals of the closed-loop adaptive system remain close to the corresponding signals of a bounded closed-loop reference system, both in transient and steady-state responses. The reference system is introduced solely for the purpose of analysis. This paper also analyzes the stability and the performance degradation of the closed-loop adaptive system in the presence of out-of-frame events, when continuous extraction of the target's information is not feasible due to failures in the image-processing module. The feedback loop is then closed using the frozen estimates. The out-of-frame events are modeled as brief instabilities. A sufficient condition for the switching signal is derived that guarantees graceful degradation of performance during target loss. The results build upon the earlier-developed fast-estimation scheme of the target's velocity, the inverse-kinematics-based guidance law, and insights from switching systems theory.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Space and Planetary Science
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics