Adaptive MPI

Chao Huang, Orion Lawlor, L. V. Kalé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Processor virtualization is a powerful technique that enables the runtime system to carry out intelligent adaptive optimizations like dynamic resource management. Charm++ is an early language/system that supports processor virtualization. This paper describes Adaptive MPI or AMPI, an MPI implementation and extension, that supports processor virtualization. AMPI implements virtual MPI processes (VPs), several of which may be mapped to a single physical processor. AMPI includes a powerful runtime support system that takes advantage of the degree of freedom afforded by allowing it to assign VPs onto processors. With this runtime system, AMPI supports such features as automatic adaptive overlap of communication and computation and automatic load balancing. It can also support other features such as checkpointing with out additional user code, and the ability to shrink and expand the set of processors used by a job at runtime. This paper describes AMPI, its features, benchmarks that illustrate performance advantages and tradeoffs offered by AMPI, and application experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)306-322
Number of pages17
JournalLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
StatePublished - 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


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