Adaptive Failure Search Using Critical States from Domain Experts

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Uncovering potential failure cases is a crucial step in the validation of safety critical systems such as autonomous vehicles. Failure search may be done through logging substantial vehicle miles in either simulation or real world testing. Due to the sparsity of failure events, naive random search approaches require significant amounts of vehicle operation hours to find potential system weaknesses. As a result, adaptive searching techniques have been proposed to efficiently explore and uncover failure trajectories of an autonomous policy in simulation. Adaptive Stress Testing (AST) is one such method that poses the problem of failure search as a Markov decision process and uses reinforcement learning techniques to find high probability failures. However, this formulation requires a probability model for the actions of all agents in the environment. In systems where the environment actions are discrete and dependencies among agents exist, it may be infeasible to fully characterize the distribution or find a suitable proxy. This work proposes the use of a data driven approach to learn a suitable classifier that tries to model how humans identify critical states and use this to guide failure search in AST. We show that the incorporation of critical states into the AST framework generates failure scenarios with increased safety violations in an autonomous driving policy with a discrete action space.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2021 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages38-44
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781728190778
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Event2021 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2021 - Xi'an, China
Duration: May 30 2021Jun 5 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings - IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
Volume2021-May
ISSN (Print)1050-4729

Conference

Conference2021 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2021
Country/TerritoryChina
CityXi'an
Period5/30/216/5/21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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