An unconstrained optimization technique is used to find the values of parameters, of a combination of an articulatory and a vocal tract model, that minimize the difference between model spectra and natural speech spectra. The articulatory model is anatomically realistic and the vocal tract model is a “lossy” Webster equation for which a method of solution is given. For English vowels in the steady state, anatomically reasonable articulatory configurations whose corresponding spectra match those of human speech to within 2 dB have been computed in fewer than ten iterations. Results are also given which demonstrate a limited ability of the system to track the articulatory dynamics of voiced speech.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics