Ad Hoc Mesh Network Localization Using Ultra-Wideband for Mobile Robotics

Marius F. R. Juston, William R. Norris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article explores the implementation of high-accuracy GPS-denied ad hoc localization. Little research exists on ad hoc ultra-wideband-enabled localization systems with mobile and stationary nodes. This work aims to demonstrate the localization of bicycle-modeled robots in a non-static environment through a mesh network of mobile, stationary robots, and ultra-wideband sensors. The non-static environment adds a layer of complexity when actors can enter and exit the node’s field of view. The method starts with an initial localization step where each unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) uses the surrounding, available anchors to derive an initial local or, if possible, global position estimate. The initial localization uses a simplified implementation of the iterative multi-iteration ad hoc localization system (AHLos). This estimate was refined using an unscented Kalman filter (UKF) following a constant turn rate and velocity magnitude model (CTRV). The UKF then fuses the robot’s odometry and the range measurements from the Decawave ultra-wideband receivers stationed on the network nodes. Through this position estimation stage, the robot broadcasts its estimated position to its neighbors to help the others further improve their localization estimates and localize themselves. This wave-like cycle of nodes helping to localize each other allows the network to act as a mobile ad hoc localization network.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1154
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 2024


  • ultra-wideband (UWB)
  • ad hoc localization
  • unscented Kalman filter (UKF)


Dive into the research topics of 'Ad Hoc Mesh Network Localization Using Ultra-Wideband for Mobile Robotics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this