Actuarial impacts of loss cost ratio ratemaking in U.S. crop insurance programs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examines the actuarial implications of the loss cost ratio (LCR) ratemaking methodology employed by the Risk Management Agency as a component of base rates for U.S. crop insurance programs, and identifies specific conditions required for the LCR methodology to result in unbiased rates when liabilities trend. Specifically, constant relative yield risk resulting in growing absolute variance through time and other restrictive requirements are required for the LCR to result in unbiased rates. These requirements are tested against a large farm-level data set for Illinois corn. Our findings indicate that the conditions required for appropriate use of the LCR methodology are violated for this high premium volume market, resulting in large implied rate biases. The process does not correct itself through time with the addition of longer rating periods as sometimes claimed. A simple correction function is suggested and demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-228
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
Volume36
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Actuarially fair
  • Crop insurance
  • Insurance rating
  • Loss cost ratio
  • Risk growth
  • Risk management agency
  • Yield trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Economics and Econometrics

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