Active Cancellation of Servo-Induced Noise on Stabilized Lasers via Feedforward

Lintao Li, William Huie, Neville Chen, Brian Demarco, Jacob P. Covey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Many precision laser applications require active frequency stabilization. However, such stabilization loops operate by pushing noise to frequencies outside their bandwidth, leading to large "servo bumps"that can have deleterious effects for certain applications. The prevailing approach to filtering this noise is to pass the laser through a high-finesse optical cavity, which places constraints on the system design. Here, we propose and demonstrate a different approach where a frequency error signal is derived from a beat note between the laser and the light that passes through the reference cavity. The phase noise derived from this beat note is fed forward to an electro-optic modulator after the laser, carefully accounting for relative delay, for real-time frequency correction. With a hertz-line-width laser, we show 20dB noise suppression at the peak of the servo bump (approximately 250kHz) and a noise-suppression bandwidth of approximately 5MHz - well beyond the servo bump. By simulating the Rabi dynamics of a two-level atom with our measured data, we demonstrate substantial improvements to the pulse fidelity over a wide range of Rabi frequencies. Our approach offers a simple and versatile method for obtaining a clean spectrum of a narrow-line-width laser, as required in many emerging applications of cold atoms, and is readily compatible with commercial systems that may even include wavelength conversion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number064005
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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