Activated factor XII (XIIa), activated factor VII (VIIa) and factor VII coagulant activity (VIIc) were determined in non-treated and in treated (cold-incubated) citrated plasmas from women in late pregnancy and from normal volunteers. All three activities were higher in the non-treated plasmas from women in late pregnancy than from normal subjects. The incubation of citrated plasmas from women in late pregnancy, on ice for 24 hours, resulted in a many-fold increase of factor XIIa activity, factor VIIa levels and VIIc. The dilution of these plasmas resulted in a sharp decrease of all three activities in the post-incubation mixture, so that in the plasmas diluted 2:1 with buffer all three activities were similar to those in fresh plasmas. Similar incubations of diluted plasmas (1:1) from normal volunteers resulted in no increase of factor XIIa activity, factor VIIa levels and VIIc. However, the presence in the incubation mixture of micellar stearate resulted in a stearate concentration-dependent increase of all three activities in treated plasmas. Levels of factor XIIa activity and factor VIIa in the treated plasmas from both groups of subjects were highly correlated (r=0.987; p<0.001). There was also a highly significant correlation between VIIc and factor VIIa levels (0.989; p<0.001). These results demonstrate that the in vitro increase in factor VIIa levels is due to the activation of the contact system of coagulation and is dependent on the potency of the contact surface. Moreover, VIIc over a wide range of values, observed in the present experiments, can provide an accurate measure of factor VIIa concentration.
- contact surface
- contact system of coagulation
- factor VII
- factor XII
ASJC Scopus subject areas