Activated hopping and dynamical fluctuation effects in hard sphere suspensions and fluids

Erica J. Saltzman, Kenneth S. Schweizer

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Abstract

Single particle Brownian dynamics simulation methods are employed to establish the full trajectory level predictions of our nonlinear stochastic Langevin equation theory of activated hopping dynamics in glassy hard sphere suspensions and fluids. The consequences of thermal noise driven mobility fluctuations associated with the barrier hopping process are determined for various ensemble-averaged properties and their distributions. The predicted mean square displacements show classic signatures of transient trapping and anomalous diffusion on intermediate time and length scales. A crossover to a stronger volume fraction dependence of the apparent nondiffusive exponent occurs when the entropic barrier is of order the thermal energy. The volume fraction dependences of various mean relaxation times and rates can be fitted by empirical critical power laws with parameters consistent with ideal mode-coupling theory. However, the results of our divergence-free theory are largely a consequence of activated dynamics. The experimentally measurable alpha relaxation time is found to be very similar to the theoretically defined mean reaction time for escape from the barrier-dominated regime. Various measures of decoupling have been studied. For fluid states with small or nonexistent barriers, relaxation times obey a simple log-normal distribution, while for high volume fractions the relaxation time distributions become Poissonian. The product of the self-diffusion constant and mean alpha relaxation time increases roughly as a logarithmic function of the alpha relaxation time. The cage scale incoherent dynamic structure factor exhibits nonexponential decay with a modest degree of stretching. A nearly universal collapse of the different volume fraction results occurs if time is scaled by the mean alpha relaxation time. Hence, time-volume fraction superposition holds quite well, despite the presence of stretching and volume fraction dependent decoupling associated with the stochastic barrier hopping process. The relevance of other origins of dynamic heterogeneity (e.g., mesoscopic domains), and comparison of our results with experiments, simulations, and alternative theories, is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number044509
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Volume125
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 11 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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