Activated dynamics in dense fluids of attractive nonspherical particles. II. Elasticity, barriers, relaxation, fragility, and self-diffusion

Mukta Tripathy, Kenneth S. Schweizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In paper II of this series we apply the center-of-mass version of Nonlinear Langevin Equation theory to study how short-range attractive interactions influence the elastic shear modulus, transient localization length, activated dynamics, and kinetic arrest of a variety of nonspherical particle dense fluids (and the spherical analog) as a function of volume fraction and attraction strength. The activation barrier (roughly the natural logarithm of the dimensionless relaxation time) is predicted to be a rich function of particle shape, volume fraction, and attraction strength, and the dynamic fragility varies significantly with particle shape. At fixed volume fraction, the barrier grows in a parabolic manner with inverse temperature nondimensionalized by an onset value, analogous to what has been established for thermal glass-forming liquids. Kinetic arrest boundaries lie at significantly higher volume fractions and attraction strengths relative to their dynamic crossover analogs, but their particle shape dependence remains the same. A limited universality of barrier heights is found based on the concept of an effective mean-square confining force. The mean hopping time and self-diffusion constant in the attractive glass region of the nonequilibrium phase diagram is predicted to vary nonmonotonically with attraction strength or inverse temperature, qualitatively consistent with recent computer simulations and colloid experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number041407
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume83
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 18 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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